Current Volume

Original Articles

Psychological distress and its effect on tuberculosis treatment outcomes in Ethiopia Habteyes Hailu Tola, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Azar Tol, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Luche Tadesse Ejeta, Abebaw Kebede, Mehrdad Karimi, Desta Kassa
Intervening in the local health system to improve diabetes care: lessons from a health service experiment in a poor urban neighborhood in India Upendra Bhojani, Patrick Kolsteren, Bart Criel, Stefaan De Henauw, Thriveni S. Beerenahally, Roos Verstraeten, Narayanan Devadasan
‘Women think pregnancy management means obstetric ultrasound’: Vietnamese obstetricians’ views on the use of ultrasound during pregnancy Kristina Edvardsson, Sophie Graner, Lan Pham Thi, Annika Åhman, Rhonda Small, Ann Lalos, Ingrid Mogren
Women’s perceptions of antenatal, delivery, and postpartum services in rural Tanzania Gladys Reuben Mahiti, Dickson Ally Mkoka, Angwara Dennis Kiwara, Columba Kokusiima Mbekenga, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Isabel Goicolea
Socio-demographic and environmental determinants of infectious disease morbidity in children under 5 years in Ghana Dickson A. Amugsi, Raymond A. Aborigo, Abraham R. Oduro, Victor Asoala, Timothy Awine, Lucas Amenga-Etego
Monitoring maternal, newborn, and child health interventions using lot quality assurance sampling in Sokoto State of northern Nigeria Dele Abegunde, Nosa Orobaton, Karmil Shoretire, Mohammed Ibrahim, Zanaib Mohammed, Jumare Abdulazeez, Ringpon Gwamzhi, Akeem Ganiyu
Preschool overweight and obesity in urban and rural Vietnam: differences in prevalence and associated factors Loan Minh Do, Toan Khanh Tran, Bo Eriksson, Max Petzold, Chuc T.K. Nguyen, Henry Ascher
Has Chiranjeevi Yojana changed the geographic availability of free comprehensive emergency obstetric care services in Gujarat, India? Kranti Suresh Vora, Sandul Yasobant, Amit Patel, Ashish Upadhyay, Dileep V. Mavalankar
‘You must carry your wheelchair’ – barriers to accessing healthcare in a South African rural area Richard Vergunst, Leslie Swartz, Gubela Mji, Malcolm MacLachlan, Hasheem Mannan
Knowledge, attitude, and practices with respect to disease surveillance among urban private practitioners in Pune, India Revati K. Phalkey, Mareike Kroll, Sayani Dutta, Sharvari Shukla, Carsten Butsch, Erach Barucha, Frauke Kraas
Prevalence and social drivers of HIV among married and cohabitating heterosexual adults in south-eastern Tanzania: analysis of adult health community cohort data Sally M. Mtenga, Constanze Pfeiffer, Sonja Merten, Masuma Mamdani, Amon Exavery, Joke Haafkens, Marcel Tanner, Eveline Geubbels
Barriers to hospital and tuberculosis programme collaboration in China: context matters Guanyang Zou, Rebecca King, John Walley, Jia Yin, Qiang Sun, Xiaolin Wei
Being as an iceberg: hypertensive treatment adherence experiences in southeast of Iran Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Mahlagha Dehghan, Sedigheh Iranmanesh
Exploring the perceptions and experiences of community health workers using role identity theory Langelihle Mlotshwa, Bronwyn Harris, Helen Schneider, Mosa Moshabela
A community-driven hypertension treatment group in rural Honduras Sheridan Reiger, Jeffrey R. Harris, Kwun Cheun Gary Chan, Hector Lopez Oqueli, Marlana Kohn
What can we learn about postnatal care in Ghana if we ask the right questions? A qualitative study Zelee Hill, Eunice Okyere, Mary Wickenden, Charlotte Tawiah-Agyemang
Maternal willingness to pay for infant and young child nutrition counseling services in Vietnam Phuong H. Nguyen, Minh V. Hoang, Nemat Hajeebhoy, Lan M. Tran, Chung H. Le, Purnima Menon, Rahul Rawat
Long-term outcomes of a pediatric HIV treatment program in Maputo, Mozambique: a cohort study Jan Walter, Lucas Molfino, Verena Moreno, Celeste G. Edwards, Mafalda Chissano, Angels Prieto, Tatiana Bocharnikova, Annick Antierens, Johnny Lujan
Uterine prolapse and its impact on quality of life in the Jhaukhel–Duwakot Health Demographic Surveillance Site, Bhaktapur, Nepal Binjwala Shrestha, Sharad Onta, Bishnu Choulagai, Rajan Poudel, Max Petzold, Alexandra Krettek
Adapting an evidence-based intervention for autism spectrum disorder for scaling up in resource-constrained settings: the development of the PASS intervention in South Asia Gauri Divan, Syed Usman Hamdani, Vivek Vajartkar, Ayesha Minhas, Carol Taylor, Catherine Aldred, Kathy Leadbitter, Atif Rahman, Jonathan Green, Vikram Patel
The invisibility of men in South African violence prevention policy: national prioritization, male vulnerability, and framing prevention Ashley Van Niekerk, Susanne Tonsing, Mohamed Seedat, Roxanne Jacobs, Kopano Ratele, Roderick McClure
Secular trends in age at menarche among Chinese girls from 24 ethnic minorities, 1985 to 2010 Yi Song, Jun Ma, Anette Agardh, Patrick W.C. Lau, Peijin Hu, Bing Zhang
Regional trade and the nutrition transition: opportunities to strengthen NCD prevention policy in the Southern African Development Community Anne Marie Thow, David Sanders, Eliza Drury, Thandi Puoane, Syeda N. Chowdhury, Lungiswa Tsolokile, Joel Negin
‘It is a dilemma’: perspectives of nurse practitioners on health screening of newly arrived migrants Faustine K. Nkulu Kalengayi, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Annika Nordstrand, Clas Ahlm, Beth M. Ahlberg
Local perceptions of causes of death in rural South Africa: a comparison of perceived and verbal autopsy causes of death Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb, Edward Fottrell, Max Petzold, Kathleen Kahn, Peter Byass
Improving district facility readiness: a 12-month evaluation of a data-driven health systems strengthening intervention in rural Rwanda Hari S. Iyer, Emmanuel Kamanzi, Jean Claude Mugunga, Karen Finnegan, Alice Uwingabiye, Edward Shyaka, Saleh Niyonzima, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Peter C. Drobac
Let’s talk about death: data collection for verbal autopsies in a demographic and health surveillance site in Malaysia Pascale A. Allotey, Daniel D. Reidpath, Natalie C. Evans, Nirmala Devarajan, Kanason Rajagobal, Ruhaida Bachok, Kridaraan Komahan, The SEACO Team
Using ‘appreciative inquiry’ in India to improve infection control practices in maternity care: a qualitative study Bharati Sharma, K. V. Ramani, Dileep Mavalankar, Lovney Kanguru, Julia Hussein
Food security and nutrition in the Russian Federation – a health policy analysis Karsten Lunze, Elena Yurasova, Bulat Idrisov, Natalia Gnatienko, Luigi Migliorini
The availability of essential medicines for mental healthcare in Sofala, Mozambique Bradley H. Wagenaar, Andy Stergachis, Deepa Rao, Roxanne Hoek, Vasco Cumbe, Manuel Napúa, Kenneth Sherr
Intentional injury and violence in Cape Town, South Africa: an epidemiological analysis of trauma admissions data Nadine Schuurman, Jonathan Cinnamon, Blake Byron Walker, Vanessa Fawcett, Andrew Nicol, Syed Morad Hameed, Richard Matzopoulos
Birth preparedness and complication readiness – a qualitative study among community members in rural Tanzania Furaha August, Andrea B. Pembe, Edmund Kayombo, Columba Mbekenga, Pia Axemo, Elisabeth Darj
Are long-lasting insecticide-treated bednets and water filters cost-effective tools for delaying HIV disease progression in Kenya? Stéphane Verguet, James G. Kahn, Elliot Marseille, Aliya Jiwani, Eli Kern, Judd L. Walson
Transactional sex and HIV risks - evidence from a cross-sectional national survey among young people in Uganda Vikas Choudhry, Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin, Viola Nilah Nyakato, Anette Agardh
Access to and value of information to support good practice for staff in Kenyan hospitals Naomi Muinga, Barbara Sen, Jim Todd, Philip Ayieko, Mike English
The experience of caregivers of people living with serious mental disorders: a study from rural Ghana Kenneth Ayuurebobi Ae-Ngibise, Victor Christian Korley Doku, Kwaku Poku Asante, Seth Owusu-Agyei
Causes of death in the Taabo health and demographic surveillance system, Côte d'Ivoire, from 2009 to 2011 Siaka Koné, Thomas Fürst, Fabienne N. Jaeger, Emmanuel L.J.C. Esso, Nahoua Baikoro, Kouamé A. Kouadio, Lukas G. Adiossan, Fabien Zouzou, Louis I. Boti, Marcel Tanner, Jürg Utzinger, Bassirou Bonfoh, Daouda Dao, Eliézer K. N'Goran
Health insurance and child mortality in rural Burkina Faso Anja Schoeps, Henrike Lietz, Ali Sié, Germain Savadogo, Manuela De Allegri, Olaf Müller, Rainer Sauerborn, Heiko Becher, Aurélia Souares
Cost and impact of scaling up interventions to save lives of mothers and children: taking South Africa closer to MDGs 4 and 5 Lumbwe Chola, Yogan Pillay, Peter Barron, Aviva Tugendhaft, Kate Kerber, Karen Hofman
Referral outcomes of individuals identified at high risk of cardiovascular disease by community health workers in Bangladesh, Guatemala, Mexico, and South Africa Naomi S. Levitt, Thandi Puoane, Catalina A. Denman, Shafika Abrahams-Griessel, Sam Surka, Carlos Mendoza, Masuma Khanam, Sartaj Alam, Thomas A. Gaziano
Implementation of 5S management method for lean healthcare at a health center in Senegal: a qualitative study of staff perception Shogo Kanamori, Seydou Sow, Marcia C. Castro, Rui Matsuno, Akiko Tsuru, Masamine Jimba
Outcome of tuberculosis treatment in HIV-positive adults diagnosed through active versus passive case-finding Taye T. Balcha, Sten Skogmar, Erik Sturegård, Per Björkman, Niclas Winqvist
The impact of flooding on people living with HIV: a case study from the Ohangwena Region, Namibia Carmen Anthonj, Odon T. Nkongolo, Peter Schmitz, Johannes N. Hango, Thomas Kistemann
Availability and distribution of safe abortion services in rural areas: a facility assessment study in Madhya Pradesh, India Sarika Chaturvedi, Sayyed Ali, Bharat Randive, Yogesh Sabde, Vishal Diwan, Ayesha De Costa
‘You can’t stay away from your family’: a qualitative study of the ongoing ties and future plans of South African health workers in the United Kingdom Katherine Taylor, Claire Blacklock, Gail Hayward, Posy Bidwell, Pallavi Laxmikanth, Nicholas Riches, Merlin Willcox, Shabir Moosa, David Mant
How decentralisation influences the retention of primary health care workers in rural Nigeria Seye Abimbola, Titilope Olanipekun, Uchenna Igbokwe, Joel Negin, Stephen Jan, Alexandra Martiniuk, Nnenna Ihebuzor, Muyi Aina
Secondhand effects of alcohol use among students in Vietnam Pham Bich Diep, Ronald A. Knibbe, Kim Bao Giang, Nanne De Vries
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in rural Uganda: Modelling effectiveness and impact of scaling-up PMTCT services Elin C. Larsson, Anna Mia Ekström, George Pariyo, Göran Tomson, Mohammad Sarowar, Rose Baluka, Edward Galiwango, Anna Ekéus Thorson
Community perceptions of health and chronic disease in South Indian rural transitional communities: a qualitative study Arabella K.M. Hayter, Roger Jeffery, Chitra Sharma, Audrey Prost, Sanjay Kinra
Short-term and long-term associations between household wealth and physical growth: a cross-comparative analysis of children from four low- and middle-income countries Aditi Krishna, Juhwan Oh, Jong-koo Lee, Hwa-young Lee, Jessica M. Perkins, Jongho Heo, Young Sun Ro, S. V. Subramanian
Health-seeking behaviours by gender among adolescents in Soweto, South Africa Kennedy Otwombe, Janan Dietrich, Fatima Laher, Stefanie Hornschuh, Busisiwe Nkala, Lucy Chimoyi, Angela Kaida, Glenda E. Gray, Cari L. Miller
Prevention of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission in Burkina Faso: evaluation of vertical transmission by PCR, molecular characterization of subtypes and determination of antiretroviral drugs resistance Tani Sagna, Cyrille Bisseye, Tegewende R. Compaore, Therese S. Kagone, Florencia W. Djigma, Djeneba Ouermi, Catherine M. Pirkle, Moctar T.A. Zeba, Valerie J.T. Bazie, Zoenabo Douamba, Remy Moret, Virginio Pietra, Adjirita Koama, Charlemagne Gnoula, Joseph D. Sia, Jean-Baptiste Nikiema, Jacques Simpore
Impact of an electronic clinical decision support system on workflow in antenatal care: the QUALMAT eCDSS in rural health care facilities in Ghana and Tanzania Nathan Mensah, Felix Sukums, Timothy Awine, Andreas Meid, John Williams, Patricia Akweongo, Jens Kaltschmidt, Walter E. Haefeli, Antje Blank
Nutrition labelling: a review of research on consumer and industry response in the global South Jessie Mandle, Aviva Tugendhaft, Julia Michalow, Karen Hofman
Drug-resistant tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients in a national referral hospital, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Genevieve Walls, Sophie Bulifon, Serge Breysse, Thol Daneth, Maryline Bonnet, Northan Hurtado, Lucas Molfino
Health systems challenges in cervical cancer prevention program in Malawi Fresier C. Maseko, Maureen L. Chirwa, Adamson S. Muula
How supportive supervision influences immunization session site practices: a quasi-experimental study in Odisha, India Bhuputra Panda, Sanghamitra Pati, Srinivas Nallala, Abhimanyu S. Chauhan, Anita Anasuya, Meena Som, Sanjay Zodpey
Improving financial access to health care in the Kisantu district in the Democratic Republic of Congo: acting upon complexity Stéphanie Stasse, Dany Vita, Jacques Kimfuta, Valèria Campos da Silveira, Paul Bossyns, Bart Criel

Review Articles

Tackling malnutrition: a systematic review of 15-year research evidence from INDEPTH health and demographic surveillance systems Samuelina S. Arthur, Bongiwe Nyide, Abdramane Bassiahi Soura, Kathleen Kahn, Mark Weston, Osman Sankoh
Vital need to engage the community in HIV control in South Africa Stefan Hanson, Yanga Zembe, Anna Mia Ekström
Inequalities in health: definitions, concepts, and theories Mariana C. Arcaya, Alyssa L. Arcaya, S. V. Subramanian
Medical tourism's impacts on health worker migration in the Caribbean: five examples and their implications for global justice Jeremy Snyder, Valorie A. Crooks, Rory Johnston, Krystyna Adams, Rebecca Whitmore
Review of HIV response in Pakistan using a system thinking framework Muhammad Ahmed Abdullah, Babar Tasneem Shaikh

Methods Forum

Study Design Articles

Behind the scenes of the PRIME intervention: designing a complex intervention to improve malaria care at public health centres in Uganda Deborah D. DiLiberto, Sarah G. Staedke, Florence Nankya, Catherine Maiteki-Sebuguzi, Lilian Taaka, Susan Nayiga, Moses R. Kamya, Ane Haaland, Clare I.R. Chandler
Feasibility of a large cohort study in sub-Saharan Africa assessed through a four-country study Shona Dalal, Michelle D. Holmes, Carien Laurence, Francis Bajunirwe, David Guwatudde, Marina Njelekela, Clement Adebamowo, Joan Nankya-Mutyoba, Faraja S. Chiwanga, Jimmy Volmink, Ikeoluwapo Ajayi, Robert Kalyesubula, Todd G. Reid, Douglas Dockery, David Hemenway, Hans-Olov Adami

Capacity Building

University-level nutrition training in West Africa: cost and financing issues Roger Sodjinou, William Bosu, Nadia Fanou, Noel Zagre, Félicité Tchibindat, Shawn Baker, Helene Delisle
Implementation of Global Surgery in a Post-Conflict Setting - Five-year Results of Capacity Building in the Russian North Caucasus Fatima I. Lunze, Karsten Lunze, Zemfira M. Tsorieva, Constantin T. Esenov, Alexandr Reutov, Thomas Eichhorn, Christian Offergeld
How Thailand’s greater convergence created sustainable funding for emerging health priorities caused by globalization Naowarut Charoenca, Nipapun Kungskulniti, Jeremiah Mock, Stephen Hamann, Prakit Vathesatogkit
Collaborative development and implementation of a knowledge brokering program to promote research use in Burkina Faso, West Africa Christian Dagenais, Télesphore D. Somé, Michèle Boileau-Falardeau, Esther McSween-Cadieux, Valéry Ridde
Towards reframing health service delivery in Uganda: the Uganda Initiative for Integrated Management of Non-Communicable Diseases Jeremy I. Schwartz, Ashley Dunkle, Ann R. Akiteng, Doreen Birabwa-Male, Richard Kagimu, Charles K. Mondo, Gerald Mutungi, Tracy L. Rabin, Michael Skonieczny, Jamila Sykes, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza

Short Communications

Prenatal arsenic exposure and drowning among children in Bangladesh Mahfuzar Rahman, Nazmul Sohel, Samar Kumar Hore, Mohammad Yunus, Abbas Bhuiya, Peter Kim Streatfield
Origin of malaria cases: a 7-year audit of global trends in indigenous and imported cases in relation to malaria elimination Mar Velarde-Rodríguez, Rafael Van den Bergh, Cristin Fergus, Aina Casellas, Sergi Sanz, Richard Cibulskis, Andrew R. Ramsay, Karen Bissell, Rony Zachariah
National health insurance policy in Nepal: challenges for implementation Shiva Raj Mishra, Pratik Khanal, Deepak Kumar Karki, Per Kallestrup, Ulrika Enemark
The role of ‘hidden’ community volunteers in community-based health service delivery platforms: examples from sub-Saharan Africa Natalie Leon, David Sanders, Wim Van Damme, Donela Besada, Emmanuelle Daviaud, Nicholas P. Oliphant, Rocio Berzal, John Mason, Tanya Doherty


Sierra Leone: the forgotten mortality Vageesh Jain, Colin Stewart Brown, Oliver Johnson

Special Issue: Gender and health

Gender and Health Complete Special Issue, incl Table of Contents

Special Issue: Newborn Health in Uganda

Special Issue: Newborn Health in Uganda Complete Special Issue, incl Table of Contents
Effect of the Uganda Newborn Study on care-seeking and care practices: a cluster-randomised controlled trial Peter Waiswa, George Pariyo, Karin Kallander, Joseph Akuze, Gertrude Namazzi, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Kate Kerber, Hanifah Sengendo, Patrick Aliganyira, Joy E. Lawn, Stephan Peterson
Engaging community health workers in maternal and newborn care in eastern Uganda Monica Okuga, Margaret Kemigisa, Sarah Namutamba, Gertrude Namazzi, Peter Waiswa
Strategies for helping families prepare for birth: experiences from eastern central Uganda Līga Timša, Gaetano Marrone, Elizabeth Ekirapa, Peter Waiswa
Strengthening health facilities for maternal and newborn care: experiences from rural eastern Uganda Gertrude Namazzi, Peter Waiswa, Margaret Nakakeeto, Victoria K. Nakibuuka, Sarah Namutamba, Maria Najjemba, Ruth Namusaabi, Abner Tagoola, Grace Nakate, Judith Ajeani, Stefan Peterson, Romano N. Byaruhanga
Differences in essential newborn care at birth between private and public health facilities in eastern Uganda Peter Waiswa, Joseph Akuze, Stefan Peterson, Kate Kerber, Moses Tetui, Birger C. Forsberg, Claudia Hanson
Weeping in silence: community experiences of stillbirths in rural eastern Uganda Juliet Kiguli, Sarah Namusoko, Kate Kerber, Stefan Peterson, Peter Waiswa
‘As soon as the umbilical cord gets off, the child ceases to be called a newborn’: sociocultural beliefs and newborn referral in rural Uganda Christine K. Nalwadda, Peter Waiswa, David Guwatudde, Kate Kerber, Stefan Peterson, Juliet Kiguli
Improving newborn care practices through home visits: lessons from Malawi, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Uganda Deborah Sitrin, Tanya Guenther, Peter Waiswa, Sarah Namutamba, Gertrude Namazzi, Srijana Sharma, KC Ashish, Rubayet Sayed, Subrata Bhadra, Reuben Ligowe, Emmanuel Chimalanga, Elizabeth Sewell, Kate Kerber, Allisyn Moran

Special Issue: ASEAN Integration and its Health Implications

Universal health coverage in ‘One ASEAN’: are migrants included? Ramon Lorenzo Luis R. Guinto, Ufara Zuwasti Curran, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Nicola S. Pocock
ASEAN Integration and its Health Implications Complete Special Issue, incl Table of Contents

Special Issue: Transforming Nursing in South Africa

Special Issue: Monitoring Health Determinants with an Equity Focus

Promoting health equity: WHO health inequality monitoring at global and national levels Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Nicole Bergen, Anne Schlotheuber

Special Issue: Countdown to 2015 for Maternal, Newborn and Child Survival

Special Issue: Family Planning Complete Special Issue, incl Table of Contents
Meeting demand for family planning within a generation: prospects and implications at country level Yoonjoung Choi, Madeleine Short Fabic, Sennen Hounton, Desmond Koroma
Estimating family planning coverage from contraceptive prevalence using national household surveys Aluisio J. D. Barros, Ties Boerma, Ahmad R. Hosseinpoor, María C. Restrepo-Méndez, Kerry L. M. Wong, Cesar G. Victora
Trends and patterns of modern contraceptive use and relationships with high-risk births and child mortality in Burkina Faso Abdoulaye Maïga, Sennen Hounton, Agbessi Amouzou, Akanni Akinyemi, Solomon Shiferaw, Banza Baya, Dalomi Bahan, Aluisio J. D. Barros, Neff Walker, Howard Friedman
Trends in contraceptive use and distribution of births with demographic risk factors: a sub-national analysis Solomon Shiferaw, Muna Abdullah, Yared Mekonnen, Abdoulaye Maïga, Akanni Akinyemi, Agbessi Amouzou, Howard Friedman, Aluisio J. D. Barros, Sennen Hounton
Contraceptive use and distribution of high-risk births in Nigeria: a sub-national analysis Akanni Akinyemi, Sunday Adedini, Sennen Hounton, Ambrose Akinlo, Olanike Adedeji, Osarenti Adonri, Howard Friedman, Solomon Shiferaw, Abdoulaye Maïga, Agbessi Amouzou, Aluisio J. D. Barros
Patterns and trends of contraceptive use among sexually active adolescents in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, and Nigeria: evidence from cross-sectional studies Sennen Hounton, Aluísio J. D. Barros, Agbessi Amouzou, Solomon Shiferaw, Abdoulaye Maïga, Akanni Akinyemi, Howard Friedman, Desmond Koroma